Swami Vivekananda biography: Birth anniversary as National Youth Day.
Swami Vivekananda biography: early life, education, works, teachings and famous quotes
Swami Vivekananda, an inspiring and well-known personality. An unknown monk suddenly became famous when he presented Hinduism to the Chicago Parliament of Religions in 1893. Let us read about Swami Vivekananda’s early life, education, work, instruction, philosophy books, etc.
Swami Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission on May 1, 1897 for her own salvation and for the good of the world. Do you know that his lectures, writings, letters and poems will be published as The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda? He always focuses on the teaching of universal principles and not on the teaching of personalities. He had an enormous mind. His unique contributions always enlighten and awaken us. He was a spiritual leader and social reformer.
“All powers in the universe are already ours. We have put our hands in front of our eyes and weep that it is dark.” – Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda is also known as Narendra. If anyone wants to study the origin of the Vedanta movement in America, Swami Vivekananda travels across the United States. He was a great thinker, a great speaker, and a passionate patriot. It is not wrong to say that he was more than just a spiritual mind.
Born: January 12th, 1863
Place of birth: Kolkata, India
Childhood name: Narendranath Dutta
Father: Vishwanath Dutta
Mother: Bhuvaneshwari Devi
Education: Calcutta Metropolitan School; Presidential college in Calcutta
Founder of: Ramakrishna Mission (1897), Ramakrishna Math, Vedanta Society of New York
Philosophy: Advaita Vedanta
Literary works: Raja Yoga (1896), Karma Yoga (1896), Bhakti Yoga (1896), Jnana Yoga, My Master (1901), lectures from Colombo to Almora (1897)
Death: July 4, 1902
Place of death: Belur Math, Belur, Bengal
Monument: Belur Math. Belur, West Bengal
Swami Vivekananda was an inspiring personality and famous all over the world. He was born on January 12, 1863 in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). He was a spiritual leader and social reformer. His lectures, writings, letters, poems and ideas have motivated not only the youth of India, but the whole world. He is the founder of Ramakrishna Mission and Belur Math in Calcutta, who are still working to help those in need. He was the man of wisdom and a very simple person. Let’s learn a lot about him in this article.
“Get up, wake up and stop until you reach the goal” – Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda: life story and education
The Vivekananda childhood name was Narendranath Dutta, who belonged to a wealthy Bengali family in Calcutta. He was one of the eight children of Vishwanath Dutta and Bhuvneshwari Devi. On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, he was born on January 12, 1863. His father was a lawyer and an influential figure in society. Vivekananda’s mother was a woman who believes in God and has great influence on his son.
At the age of eight, Vivekananda was enrolled at Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Institution in 1871 and later at Presidency College in Calcutta. He was exposed to Western philosophy, Christianity and science. He was interested in both instrumental music and singing. He was active in sports, gymnastics, wrestling and bodybuilding. He also liked to read, and by the time he graduated from college he had acquired extensive knowledge of various subjects. Do you know that he read Hindu scriptures such as Bhagvad Gita and the Upanishads on the one hand and Western philosophies and spirituality by David Hume, Herbert Spencer etc. on the other
“Be an atheist if you want to, but don’t believe in anything without a doubt.” – Swami Vivekananda
Why is Swami Vivekananda’s birthday celebrated as a National Youth Day?
Source: www. swamishivapadananda.typepad.com
He grew up in a religious family but studied several religious books and his knowledge prompted him to question the existence of God and believed in agnotism for some time. But he could not completely deny the fact of God’s supremacy. In 1880 he joined Nava Vidhan from Keshab Chandra Sen and became a member of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj, led by Keshab Chandra Sen and Debendranath Tagore.
Brahmo Samaj recognized a god other than idolatry. Vivekananda asked several questions. During his spiritual crisis, he first heard of Shri Ramakrishna from William Hastie, the rector of Scottish Church College. Finally he met Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa in the Dakshineshwar Kali Temple and Vivekananda asked him: “Have you seen God?” what he had asked so many spiritual leaders but was not satisfied. But when he asked Ramakrishna, he gave such a simple answer: “Yes, I did. I see God as clearly as I do, only in a much deeper sense.” After that Vivekananda started visiting Dakshineshwar and received several answers to the questions that came to his mind.
When Vivekananda’s father died, the whole family faced a financial crisis. He went to Ramakrishna and asked him to pray for his family, but Ramakrishna refused and told Vivekananda to pray to the goddess Kali. He couldn’t ask for wealth and money, but instead asked for conscience and privacy. On that day he was drawn with spiritual awakening and an ascetic way of life began. This was the turning point in his life and accepted Ramakrishna, his guru.
“Take risks in your life. If you win you can lead, if you lose you can lead. Swami Vivekananda
In 1885 Ramakrishna fell ill with throat cancer and was moved to Calcutta and later to a garden house in Cossipore. Vivekananda and other Ramakrishna’s students took care of him. On August 16, 1886, Shri Ramakrishna gave up his mortal body. Narendra was taught that service to people is the most effective worship of God. After Ramakrishna’s death, fifteen of his students, including Narendranath, began living together in Baranagar in northern Calcutta, known as Ramakrishna Math. In 1887, all disciples took monk vows and Narendranath appeared as Vivekananda, “the delight of knowing wisdom.” All of them practiced yoga and meditation. Vivekananda also left mathematics and decided to tour all of India on foot, which became known as “Parivrajak”. He saw different social, cultural and religious aspects of the people and also saw what ordinary people had to do in their daily life, their suffering, etc.
Swami Vivekananda visited the World Parliament of Religions
Source: www. indiatvnews.com
When he found out about the World Parliament organized in Chicago, America. He was very interested in attending the meeting and representing India and his Guru’s philosophies. After various difficulties, he attended the religious gathering. On September 11, 1893, he took the stage and stunned everyone with the words “My Brothers and Sisters of America”. For this he received a standing ovation from the audience. He described the principles of Vedanta, their spiritual meaning, etc.
He stayed in America for about two and a half years and founded the Vedanta Society of New York. He also traveled to Britain to preach the philosophies, spiritualism and principles of Vedanta.
“Learn all the best from others, but bring it in and take it up in your own way. don’t become others. Swami Vivekananda
Ramakrishna Mission and Vivekananda: Contribution to Social Reform
He founded the Ramakrishna mission
Around 1897 he returned to India and reached Calcutta, where he founded the Ramakrishna Mission in Belur Math on May 1, 1897. The mission’s goals were based on karma yoga and its main goal was to serve the poor and suffering or the disturbed people of the country. Various social services are also provided as part of this mission, including the establishment of schools, colleges and hospitals. Vedanta’s teachings have also been taught through conferences, seminars and workshops, and through rehabilitation work across the country.
Let us tell you that Vivekananda’s teachings were mainly based on Ramakrishna’s spiritual teachings about divine manifestations and his personal internalization of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. In his opinion, the ultimate goal of life is to achieve freedom of the soul, and that includes all religion.
He predicted that he would not live before the age of 40. Therefore, he died on July 4, 1902, when he meditated. He is said to have reached ‘Mahasamadhi’ and was cremated on the banks of the Ganga River.
“A man is not poor without a rupee, but a man is really poor without a dream and ambition.” Swami Vivekananda
Key works by Swami Vivekananda
- The complete work of Swami Vivekananda
- Swami Vivekananda’s speeches in front of the Parliament of Religions, Chicago, 1893
- Letters from Swami Vivekananda
- Jnana Yoga: The Yoga of Knowledge
- Yoga: The yoga of love and devotion
- Yoga: The yoga of the action
- Raja Yoga: the yoga of meditation
Key works on Swami Vivekananda
- Vivekananda A biography of Swami Nikhilananda
- Swami Vivekananda by Eastern and Western students
- The master, as I saw him, from Sister Nivedita
- Memories of Swami Vivekananda
- The life of Vivekananda, by Romain Rolland
Swami Vivekananda’s teachings have undoubtedly motivated not only the youth, but also the whole world. He laid the real foundation stone for the unity of India as a nation. He taught to live with so many differences. He managed to build a virtual bridge between the culture of the East and the West. He played a key role in isolating Indian culture from the rest of the world.
“Take an idea, make that idea your life, remember it, dream about it, let the brain, muscles, nerves and every part of your body be filled with that idea and just let every other idea go in peace. This is the way to success. “Swami Vivekananda